Atmospheric Chemistry and Composition Group
Prof. Mark A. Zondlo
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Center for Mid-Infrared Technologies for Health and the Environment
Princeton University


Curriculum Vitae: Professor Mark A. Zondlo

Peer-Reviewed Publications


Clark, S.C., R. Ryals, D.J. Miller, C.A. Mullen, D. Pan, M.A. Zondlo, A.A. Boateng, and M.G. Hastings, 2017, Effluent Gas Flux Characterization during Pyrolysis of Chicken Manure, ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng., 5(9): 7568–7575, doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b00815.

Golston, L.M., L. Tao, C. Brosy, K. Schäfer, B. Wolf, J. McSpiritt, B. Buchholz, D.R. Caulton, D. Pan, M.A. Zondlo, D. Yoel, H. Kunstmann, and M. McGregor, 2017, Lightweight mid-infrared methane sensor for unmanned aerial systems, Appl. Phys. B, 123:170, doi:10.1007/s00340-017-6735-6.

D’Alessandro, J.J., M. Diao, C. Wu, X. Liu, M. Chen, H. Morrison, T. Eidhammer, J.B. Jensen, A. Bansemer, M.A. Zondlo, and J.P. DiGangi, 2017, Dynamical conditions of ice supersaturation and ice nucleation in convective systems: A comparative analysis between in situ aircraft observations and WRF simulations, J. Geophys. Res:-Atmos, 122(5): 2844–2866, doi:10.1002/2016JD025994.

Sun, K., L. Tao, D.J. Miller, D. Pan, L.M. Golston, M.A. Zondlo, R.J. Griffin, H.W. Wallace, Y.J. Leong, M.M. Yang, Y. Zhang, D.L. Mauzerall, and T. Zhu, 2017, Vehicle emissions as an important urban ammonia source in the United States and China, Envi. Sci. Technol., 51(4): 2472–2481, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b02805.


Michel, A.P.M., D.J. Miller, K. Sun, L. Tao, L. Stanton, and M.A. Zondlo, 2016, Long-Path Quantum Cascade Laser–Based Sensor for Methane Measurements, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 33(11): 2373–2384, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-16-0024.1.

Tan, X., Y. Huang, M. Diao, A. Bansemer, M.A. Zondlo, J.P. DiGangi, R. Volkamer, and Y. Hu, 2016, An assessment of the radiative effects of ice supersaturation based on in-situ observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 11039-11047, doi:10.1002/2016GL071144.

Eilerman, S.J., J. Peischl, J.A. Neuman, T.B. Ryerson, K.C. Aikin, M.W. Holloway, M.A. Zondlo, L.M. Golston, D. Pan, C. Floerchinger, and S. Herndon, 2016, Characterization of ammonia, methane, and nitrous oxide emissions from concentrated animal feeding operations in northeastern Colorado , Envi. Sci. Technol., 50: 10885-10893, doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b02851.

Whitburn, S., M. Van Damme, L. Clarisse, S. Bauduin, C.L. Heald, J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hurtmans, M.A. Zondlo, C. Clerbaux, and P.-F. Coheur, 2016, A flexible and robust neural network IASI-NH3 retrieval algorithm, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 121: 6581-6599, doi:10.1002/2016JD024828.


Miller, D.J., Sun, K., Tao, L., Pan, D., Zondlo, M.A., Nowak, J.B., Liu, Z., Diskin, G., Sachse, G., Beyersdorf, A. and Ferrare, R., 2015, Ammonia and methane dairy emission plumes in the San Joaquin Valley of California from individual feedlot to regional scales. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 120(18), 9718-9738, doi:10.1002/2015JD023241.

Sun, K., Cady-Pereira, K., Miller, D.J., Tao, L., Zondlo, M.A., Nowak, J.B., Neuman, J.A., Mikoviny, T., Muller, M., Wisthaler, A. and Scarino, A.J., 2015, Validation of TES ammonia observations at the single pixel scale in the San Joaquin Valley during DISCOVER-AQ. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 120(10): 5140–5154, doi:10.1002/2014JD022846.

Sun, K., Li, D., Tao, L., Zhao, Z., & Zondlo, M. A., 2015, Quantifying the influence of random errors in turbulence measurements on scalar similarity in the atmospheric surface layer. Bound.-Layer Meteor., 157(1), 61-80, doi:10.1007/s10546-015-0047-3.

Tao, L., Sun, K., Miller, D. J., Pan, D., Golston, L. M., & Zondlo, M. A., 2015, Low-power, open-path mobile sensing platform for high-resolution measurements of greenhouse gases and air pollutants. Appl. Phys. B, 119(1): 153-164, doi:10.1007/s00340-015-6069-1.

Sun, K., Tao, L., Miller, D. J., Zondlo, M. A., Shonkwiler, K. B., Nash, C., & Ham, J. M., 2015, Open-path eddy covariance measurements of ammonia fluxes from a beef cattle feedlot. Agr. Forest. Meteorol., 213, 193-202, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.06.007.

Siyuan Wang, Johan A. Schmidt, Sunil Baidar, Sean Coburn, Barbara Dix, Theodore K. Koenig, Eric Apel, Dene Bowdalo, Teresa L. Campos, Ed Eloranta, Mathew J. Evans, Joshua P. DiGangi, Mark A. Zondlo, Ru-Shan Gao, Julie A. Haggerty, Samuel R. Hall, Rebecca S. Hornbrook, Daniel Jacob, Bruce Morley, Bradley Pierce, Mike Reeves, Pavel Romashkin, Arnout ter Schure, and Rainer Volkamer, 2015, Active and widespread halogen chemistry in the tropical and subtropical free troposphere. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 112(30): 9281–9286, doi:10.1073/pnas.1505142112.

Nathan, B.J., Golston, L.M., O'Brien, A.S., Ross, K., Harrison, W.A., Tao, L., Lary, D.J., Johnson, D.R., Covington, A.N., Clark, N.N. and Zondlo, M.A., 2015, Near-Field Characterization of Methane Emission Variability from a Compressor Station Using a Model Aircraft. Environ. Sci Technol. 49(13): 7896–7903, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b00705.


Homeyer, C.R., L.L. Pan, S.W. Dorsi, L.M. Avallone, A.J. Weinheimer, A.S. O'Brien, J.P. DiGangi, M.A. Zondlo, T.B. Ryerson, G.S. Diskin, and T.L. Campos, 2014, Convective transport of water vapor into the lower stratosphere observed during double tropopause events, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., doi:10.1002/2014JD021485.

Diao, M., M.A. Zondlo, A.J. Heymsfield, and S.P. Beaton, 2014, Hemispheric comparison of cirrus cloud evolution using in situ measurements in HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL059873.

Diao, M., M.A. Zondlo, A.J. Heymsfield, L.M. Avallone, M.E. Paige, S.P. Beaton, T. Campos, and D.C. Rogers, 2014, Cloud-scale ice supersaturated regions spatially correlate with high water vapor heterogeneities, Atmos. Chem. and Phys., 14, 2639-2656, doi:10.5194/acp-14-2639-2014.

Sun, K., L. Tao, D.J. Miller, M.A. Khan, and M.A. Zondlo, 2014, On-Road Ammonia Emissions Characterized by Mobile, Open-Path Measurements, Environ. Sci Technol., 48(7): 3943–3950, doi:10.1021/es4047704.

Miller, D.J., Sun, K., Tao, L., Khan, M.A., and Zondlo, M.A., 2014, Open-path, quantum cascade-laser-based sensor for high-resolution atmospheric ammonia measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 81-93, doi:10.5194/amt-7-81-2014.


Diao, M., M.A. Zondlo, A.J. Heymsfield, S.P. Beaton, and D.C. Rogers, 2013, Evolution of ice crystal regions on the microscale based on in situ observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40: 3473-3478, doi:10.1002/grl.50665.

Diao, M., L. Jumbam, J. Sheffield, E. F. Wood, and M. A. Zondlo, 2013, Validation of AIRS/AMSU-A water vapor and temperature data with in situ aircraft observations from the surface to UT/LS from 87oN - 67oS, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118: 6816-6836, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50483.

Cziczo, D.J., K.D. Froyd, C. Hoose, E.J. Jensen, M. Diao, M.A. Zondlo, J.B. Smith, C.H. Twohy and D.M. Murphy, 2013, Clarifying the Dominant Sources and Mechanisms of Cirrus Cloud Formation, Science, 340:6138, 1320-1324, doi:10.1126/science.1234145.

Sun, K., L. Tao., D.J. Miller, M.A. Khan and M.A. Zondlo, 2013, Inline multi-harmonic calibration method for open-path atmospheric ammonia measurements Applied Phys B, 110(2): 213–222, doi:10.1007/s00340-012-5231-2.


Tao, L., K. Sun, M.A. Khan, D.J. Miller and M.A. Zondlo, 2012, Compact and portable open-path sensor for simultaneous measurements of atmospheric N2O and CO using a quantum cascade laser, Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 27, 28106-28118, doi:10.1364/OE.20.028106.

Khan, M.A., D. Schaefer, L. Tao, D.J. Miller, K. Sun, M.A. Zondlo, W. A. Harrison, B. Roscoe and D.J. Lary, 2012, Low power greenhouse gas sensors for UAVs, Remote Sens. 4(5): 1355-1368, doi:10.3390/rs4051355.

E.A. Kort, S.C. Wofsy, B.C. Daube, M. Diao, J.W. Elkins, R.S. Gao, E.J. Hintsa, D.F. Hurst, R. Jimenez, F.L. Moore, J.R. Spackman, and M.A. Zondlo, 2012, Atmospheric observations of Arctic Ocean methane emissions up to 82 deg north, Nature Geoscience, 5: 318-320, doi:10.1038/NGEO1452.

Tao, Lei , Kang Sun, David J. Miller, M. Amir Khan, and Mark A. Zondlo, 2012, Current and frequency modulation characteristics for continuous-wave quantum cascade lasers at 9.06 um, Opt. Lett. 37: 1358-1360, doi:10.1364/OL.37.001358.


Miller, D.J., K. Sun, M.A. Zondlo, D. Kanter, O. Dubovik, E.J. Welton, D. Winker and P. Ginoux, 2011, Assessing boreal forest fire smoke aerosol impacts on U.S. air quality: a case study using multiple datasets, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 116 (D22), doi:10.1029/2011JD016170.

Homeyer, C.R., K.P. Bowman, L.L. Pan, M.A. Zondlo, and J.F. Bresch, 2011, Convective injection into stratospheric intrusion, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 116 (D23), doi:10.1029/2011JD016724.

Wofsy, S.C., B.C. Daube, R. Jimenez, E. Kort, J. V. Pittman, S. Park, R. Commane, B. Xiang, G. Santoni, D. Jacob, J. Fisher, C. Pickett-Heaps, H. Wang, K. Wecht, Q.-Q. Wang, B.B. Stephens, S. Shertz, P. Romashkin, T. Campos, J. Haggerty, W. A. Cooper, D. Rogers, S. Beaton, R. Hendershot, J.W. Elkins, D.W. Fahey, R.S. Gao, F. Moore, S.A. Montzka, J.P. Schwarz, D. Hurst, B. Miller, C. Sweeney, S. Oltmans, D. Nance, E. Hintsa, G. Dutton, L.A. Watts, J.R. Spackman, K.H. Rosenlof, E.A. Ray, B. Hall, M.A. Zondlo, M. Diao, R. Keeling, J. Bent, E.L. Atlas, R. Lueb, M.J. Mahoney, M. Chahine, E. Olsen, P. Patra, K. Ishijima, R. Engelen, J. Flemming, R. Nassar, D.B.A. Jones and S.E. Mikaloff Fletcher, 2011, HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO): fine-grained, global-scale measurements of climatically important atmospheric gases and aerosols, ‎Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 369: 2073-2086, doi:10.1098/rsta.2010.0313.


Zondlo, M.A., M.E. Paige, S.M. Massick, and J.A. Silver, 2010, Vertical cavity laser hygrometer for the National Science Foundation Gulfstream-V aircraft, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 115(D20): doi:10.1029/2010JD014445.

Tilmes, S., L.L. Pan, P. Hoor, E. Atlas, M.A. Avery, T. Campos, L.E. Christensen, G.S. Diskin, R.S. Gao, R.L. Herman, E.J. Hintsa, M. Loewenstein, J. Lopez, M.E. Paige, J.V. Pittman, J.R. Podolske, M.R. Proffitt, G.W. Sachse, C. Schiller, H. Schlager, J. Smith, N. Spelten, C. Webster, A. Weinheimer, and M.A. Zondlo, 2010, An aircraft-based upper troposphere lower stratosphere O3, CO, and H2O climatology for the Northern Hemisphere, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 115(D14), doi:10.1029/2009JD012731.

Wunch, D., G.C. Toon, P.O. Wennberg, S.C. Wofsy, B.B. Stephens, M.L. Fischer, O. Uchino, J.B. Abshire, P. Bernath, S.C. Biraud, J.F.L. Blavier, C. Boone, K.P. Bowman, E.V. Browell, T. Campos, B.J. Connor, B.C. Daube, N.M. Deutscher, M. Diao, J.W. Elkins, C. Gerbig, E. Gottlieb, D.W.T. Griffith, D.F. Hurst, R. Jimenez, G. Keppel-Aleks, E.A. Kort, R. Macatangay, T. Machida, H. Matsueda, F. Moore, I. Morino, S. Park, J. Robinson, C.M. Roehl, Y. Sawa, V. Sherlock, C. Sweeney, T. Tanaka, and M.A. Zondlo, 2010, Calibration of the Total Carbon Column Observing Network using aircraft profile data, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3: 1351-1362, doi:10.5194/amt-3-1351-2010.

Conference Proceedings

Golston, L., D. Caulton, J. McSpiritt, B. Buchholz, D. Pan, and M.A. Zondlo, Open-Path C2H6 Sensor for Fast, Low-Power, Measurement of Natural Gas Emissions, Conference on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, Optical Society of America, 2017.

Tao, L., D. Pan, L. Golston, K. Sun, S. Saripalli, and M.A. Zondlo, UAV-based laser spectrometer to quantify methane from agricultural and petrochemical activities, Conference on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, Optical Society of America, 2015.

Sun, K., L. Tao, D. Pan, L. Golston, Y. Tian, J. Hu, M. Huang, T. Wang, and M.A. Zondlo, Quantifying primary reactive nitrogen emissions using open-path, quantum cascade laser-based sensors, Conference on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, Optical Society of America, 2015.

Miller, D.J., A.P.M. Michel, L. Stanton, K. Sun, L. Tao, M.A. Zondlo, Long open-path high precision quantum cascade laser methane sensing at toolik lake, Alaska, Conference on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, Optical Society of America, 2013.

Froyd, K.D., D.J. Cziczo, C. Hoose, E.J. Jensen, M. Diao, M.A. Zondlo, J.B. Smith, C.H. Twohy, and D.M. Murphy, Cirrus cloud formation and the role of heterogeneous ice nuclei, AIP Conference Proceeding, 1527, 976, 2013.

Khan, M.A., D. Schaefer, B. Roscoe, K. Sun, L. Tao, D. Miller, D.J. Lary and M.A. Zondlo, Open-Path Greenhouse Gas Sensor for UAV applications, Conference on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, Optical Society of America, 2012.

Miller, D.J., K. Sun, L. Tao, M.A. Khan and M.A. Zondlo, Assessing field performance of an open-path quantum cascade laser sensor for measuring atmospheric ammonia, Conference on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, Optical Society of America, 2012.

Sun, K, Lei Tao, David J. Miller, M. Amir Khan, and Mark A. Zondlo, Novel In-situ Calibrations for Open-path Ammonia Sensing Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics. 2012: Optical Society of America, ATh3L.6

Tao, L., K. Sun, M.A. Khan, D.J. Miller, and M.A. Zondlo, Simultaneous Open-path Detection of Atmospheric N2O and CO, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper LT5B.7.

Khan, Amir, Kang Sun, David J. Miller and Mark A. Zondlo, Simultaneous detection of atmospheric nitrous oxide and carbon monoxide using a quantum cascade laser, Sensing Technologies for Global Health, Military Medicine, Disaster Response, and Environmental Monitoring; and Biometric Technology for Human Identification VIII, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8029, 80291H, 2011.

Khan, Amir, David J. Miller, Kang Sun, and Mark A. Zondlo, A compact, fast-response synchronous measurement of temperature for UAV applications, Unattended Ground, Sea, and Air Sensor Technologies and Applications XII, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8046, 2011.

Miller, D.J. and M.A. Zondlo, Open-Path High Sensitivity Atmospheric Ammonia Sensing with a 9 um Quantum Cascade Laser, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThJ4.

Diao, M. and M.A. Zondlo (2009), In-situ Measurements of Ice supersaturation in the Upper Troposphere in START08 Campaign, Eos Trans. AGU, 90(22), Jt. Assem. Suppl., Abstract A73A-06.